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Subsidized Senior Housing – Section 202 Low Income Housing for Seniors
The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) operates several programs that provide assisted housing and supportive services for low-income elderly persons (defined by HUD as households where one or more persons are age 62 or older) to ensure that elderly residents in HUD-assisted housing can remain in their apartments as they age. This report describes those programs, along with current developments in the area of housing for elderly households.
HUD operates five programs that designate assisted housing developments for either low-income elderly residents alone, or low-income elderly residents with disabilities. The primary HUD program that provides housing for low-income elderly households is the Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly program. Established in 1959, it is the only HUD program that provides housing exclusively for elderly residents. The Section 221(d)(3) Below Market Interest Rate and Section 236 programs are mortgage subsidy programs that provide housing for all age levels, but have properties specifically dedicated to elderly households. The Public Housing and project-based Section 8 housing programs also have projects dedicated to elderly households.
In addition to providing housing, HUD operates four supportive services programs for elderly persons residing in HUD-assisted properties. The Congregate Housing program, Service Coordinator program, and Resident Opportunity and Self-Sufficiency (ROSS) Service Coordinator program each provide services such as meals and assistance with activities of daily living. The Assisted Living Conversion Program makes grants to HUD-assisted developments so that they can convert units or entire buildings into assisted living facilities or service enriched housing.
Congress has not funded new units of Section 202 housing since FY2012, though funds sufficient to pay rental assistance on existing units continue to be appropriated. In budget requests, the Administration has proposed to change the way in which new units of Section 202 housing are financed. The FY2013 and FY2014 budgets proposed that rental assistance through the Section 202 program be combined with other forms of capital financing (such as Low Income Housing Tax Credits) to fund new units. The Section 811 Supportive Housing for Persons with Disabilities program has already adopted this structure.
CONGREGATE HOUSING SERVICES PROGRAM (CHSP)
This program prevents premature and unnecessary institutionalization of frail elderly, nonelderly disabled, and temporarily disabled persons; provides a variety of innovative approaches for the delivery of meals and nonmedical supportive services while making use of existing service programs; fills gaps in existing service systems; and ensures availability of funding for meals and other programs necessary for independent living. An earlier CHSP program, created by the Congregate Housing Services Act of 1978, continues to receive funding on the same basis as the current program.
Type of Assistance:
Assistance is in the form of grants to provide at least one hot meal per day in a group setting, 7 days per week, plus other supportive services necessary for independent living. Projects may not duplicate services that are already available at affordable rates. HUD administers this program in coordination with the Rural Housing Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
The Service Coordinators in Multifamily Housing (SCMF) program
The Service Coordinators in Multifamily Housing (SCMF) program provides funding for the employment of service coordinators in insured and assisted multifamily housing that is designed for the elderly and persons with disabilities.
Resident Opportunities and Self-Sufficiency Grant Program (ROSS)
The Resident Opportunities and Self-Sufficiency (ROSS) Program provides funding to hire and maintain Service Coordinators. ROSS Service Coordinators link residents of public housing and Indian housing that is funded through the Native American Housing Assistance and Self Determination Act (NAHASDA) with supportive services and activities that enable them to make progress towards economic independence and housing self-sufficiency. ROSS Service Coordinators perform many functions, including: